We know what happens to our skin, teeth and our joints as we age, but have you ever wondered what happens to our eyes?
Today when talking about ageing, I am going to specifically talk about the 60 plus age group. There are 4 prevalent eye conditions to look out for from the age of 60 onwards – Glaucoma, age related macular degeneration, cataracts and diabetic retinopathy.
- Glaucoma is a common form of eye disease that often runs in families. It is the name given to a group of eye diseases in which the optic nerve at the back of the eye is slowly destroyed. Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness.
- AMD – The macula is a very small part of the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The macula is responsible for the detailed sharp vision that is used for reading, driving and seeing fine detail. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) generally occurs as a result of changes in the macula due to ageing, which cause your central vision to blur.
- Cataracts – When the normally clear lens inside your eye becomes cloudy, this is known as a cataract. Having a cataract is like looking through a dirty window and is a leading cause of vision impairment.
- Diabetic retinopathy is a complication from diabetes that affects the eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive retina at the back of the eye. If left untreated, it can cause blindness.
Some of the key warning signs for these eye conditions include:
- Spots in your vision
- Sudden eye pain, discomfort or redness
- Loss of central vision or edges of your vision
- Distorted vision
- Double vision
- Decreased colour vision
- Reduced ability to adjust to light changes
So don’t put off your regular eye exam fearing that your sight is failing as only your optometrist can detect many serious conditions in their early stages, which will help you maintain your independence and quality of life.
When was the last time you had your eyes tested?
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